Rainhard Süss (2019)

 

Small scale, big scale. Viennese kiosks reflecting socioeconomic transformation processes in the course of 19th and 20th century capitalist development.

     
Abstract
  Kiosks: Small-scale, detached architectural typologies situated in public space; used as a facility offering snacks and drinks. Throughout industrialisation, kiosks emerged as a new form of urban furnishing and as a means to quickly fulfil food supply needs of industrial workers. Therefore, from a cultural studies perspective, kiosks were considered a symbol for industrial labour culture. Albeit a fairly young urban phenomenon, only since the post-fordist economic shift, kiosks changed to symbolising social polarisation: Facilities, established to satisfy worker’s daily time-related stress became exhibitors for social groups with little range of motion and who are stigmatized for the public display of their available time. However, the last decades’ socio-economic heterogenisation and differentiation processes gave rise to a more and more pluralised kiosk-landscape, offering snacks and drinks in a broader variety to more diverse groups of customers. This thesis emphasises on the reciprocity of cyclical capitalist development and the changing Viennese snack culture. The text seeks to identify backlashes of a transformative political economy and the kiosk-landscape’s change in meaning.
     
Submitted   an der Fakultät für Architektur und Raumplanung
Supervision   Dr. phil. DI (FH) Sabine Knierbein