Eren Ergin (2014)


 Social Housing in Turkey and TOKI Settlements


  The thesis aims to inform the reader about the given social housing systems in Turkey and the power of an institution about urban development projects.

After the new government in 2002, TOKI started to operate under the Prime Ministry. Since then TOKI was able to achieve an unlimited power in terms of urban planning. TOKI has been authorized with a legal arrangement in 2004 to make and amend zoning plans of all types and scales on areas where it is to implement slum transformation projects, or plots and lands under its possession, or areas determined as mass housing settlement sites by governorships (TOKI). This power transformed TOKI to a profit-oriented company. Besides building mass houses on development areas of cities, TOKI created urban transformation projects in the Gecekondu (informal housing units) areas and started to transform those blocks from poor informal settlements to residential areas for people with higher income.

The case study of the thesis is the satellite city of Kayabasi, which will have 60.000 housing units by the end of the project in 2020. The interview with the president of the neighbourhood association of Kayabasi delivered many useful information about the working process of TOKI and the developments in the satellite city.

  The aim of the thesis is questioning the sociospatial impacts of the related social housing policy change on the social housing system in Turkey, particularly the role of TOKI as a governmental institution. Its objective is to analyse the effects of housing and the urban development policies, the practices on land-provision for social housing in Turkey and the status of TOKI, which has a dominant power over city planning and urban development. The hypothesis of the thesis is that, TOKI became a revenue oriented institution and neglected the development of social housing system by making more projects for the private market for financial benefit.
Submitted   at the Faculty of Architecture and Planning in April 2014
Supervision   Ass. Prof. DI (FH) Dr. Sabine Knierbein